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The Great Pyramid

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Intro:
It is the one and only wonder which does not need speculations concerning its appearance, size, and shape. It is the oldest, yet out of the Seven
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Wonders of the World, it is the only still exists until present day. It is the Great Pyramid of Giza.

Location:
It is situated in the city of Giza, a necropolis of ancient Memphis, and today it is part of Cairo, the capital city of Egypt.
History:
Contrary to the common belief, only the Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops), not all three Great Pyramids; is on top of the list of the World Wonders. The massive monument was built by the Egyptian Pharaoh (King), Khufu of the Fourth Dynasty around the year 2560 BC to serve as a tomb when he dies.
The great pyramid is believed to have been built over a period of 20 years. Throughout their history, the pyramids of Giza have stimulated human imagination. Today, the Great Pyramid is enclosed, together with the other pyramids and the Sphinx, in the touristic region of the Giza Plateau.
New theories concerning the origin and purpose of the Pyramids of Giza have been proposed... astronomic observatories... places of cult worship... geometric structures constructed by a long-gone civilization... even extraterrestrial-related theories have been proposed with little evidence in support. The overwhelming scientific and historic evidence still supports the conclusion that, like many smaller pyramids in the region, the Great Pyramids were built by the great Ancient Egyptian civilization off the West bank of the Nile as tombs for their magnificent Kings... Tombs where Khufu, Khefre, and Menkaure could start their mystic journey to the afterlife.
Architecture:
When it was built, the Great pyramid was 145.75 m (481 ft) high. Over the years, it has lost 10 m (30 ft) off its top. It was ranked as the tallest structure on Earth for more than 43 centuries, only to be surpassed in height in the nineteenth century AD.The structure consists of approximately 2 million blocks of stone, each weighing more than two tons. It has been suggested that there are enough blocks in the three pyramids to build a 3 m (10 ft) high, 0.3 m (1 ft) thick wall around France. The area covered by the Great pyramid can accommodate St Peter's in Rome, the cathedrals of Florence and Milan, and Westminster and St Paul's in London combined.

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